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Smart Communications System Proposal Engineered by Joel Drotts


Project Proposal CREATED AND AUTHORED BY JOEL DROTTS GIVES EXAMPLE AND REAL SCHEMATICS AND CAPABILITIES LAW ENFORCEMENT COULD UTILIZE NOW. THE SYSTEM DESCRIBED BELOW IS AN EXAMPLE OF POSITIVE NON-INTRUSIVE WAYS LAW ENFORCEMENT CAN UTILIZE COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES, WHILE STILL RESPECTING THEIR OATHS TO UPHOLD AND DEFEND THE CONSTITUTION!

JOEL DROTTS· ESQ

It’s July of 2017, 9:00 pm, just an average Tuesday in the City of San Francisco. The Chief of Police is just settling down after dinner with his family, to watch his favorite reality TV shows with his wife. That’s when his house is rocked by a 10.0 earthquake, which hit not only his house but the entire Bay Area. After recovering from his duck and tuck position under the families’ strong oak table, and checking to find his family safe and his home secure, he heads for the door. He knows he is needed down town to help coordinate with the Mayor, Fire Chief, FEMA, and all other emergency services. However, upon going outside to his car he discovers that his first assessment of the damage to his home was premature, and finds a tree has fallen down on the family garage trapping all vehicles inside.

Knowing that time is crucial, and the urgency with which he is needed he quickly

returns inside and pulls out his portable smart tablet. He quickly fires up his Virtual Command Suite Application, which instantly begins feeding him live streaming video from his officers on patrol, communications and access to the Mayor’s Office, the Fire Chief, his Senior Command Officers, as well as e-mails, texts, and open voice and streaming Skype styled communications capability. The Virtual Mobile Command Suite is also equipped with location tracking technology, which tracks the broadband smart phones issued every officer on the force which they are required to keep on and with them at all times. The Police Issue Smart Phones have an on duty and off duty feature, and the Chief quickly notices that even his off duty officers are switching their phones to on duty and reporting via texts “In route to designated disaster stations” even though many of them are coming from their homes.

The Chief quickly notices officer 215 is heading downtown and passing by his house,

so he issues an order text to the smart phone of Officer 215 to pick him up and take him down town. The Chief can be sure that Officer 215 received the order texted as all order texts are written as well as audio, and repeat until the receiving officer pushes the accepted button on his Smart-Coms System Phone. The Smart-Coms System phone of Officer 215, upon receiving the “order text,” uses software and the phones specialized speaker to talk in plain English to Officer 215, stating a simple command “Order text, from Chief of Police, Pick me up at 123 Abc Street, and give me a ride downtown. My access to vehicles has been denied.” He then issues an order text to his command staff of senior officers, “I have been delayed. Relay all communications and updates to my Virtual Command. Proceed with disaster plan protocols. I am in route.”

The order text is a feature which every Smart-Com System phone has, and every Smart-Com System has the ability to either to send or receive “Order Texts.” The protocols of the “Order Texts” are the same as the command structure of the chain of command already in place with-in police departments. Therefore, while the Chief of Police has the ability to send an “Order Text” to the entire force, a rookie officer just joining the force has the ability to send no other officers “Order Texts.” Each officers rank and phone protocols are unique to each officer, and the system offers a suite of security protocols and permissions which the law enforcement agency itself may determine. In San Francisco, Precinct Captains and hire have Virtual Command Suites each linked to one another with the Chief and Senior Command Staff having the proper and needed command abilities in place to observe the chain of command. In this system, information is sent up the chain of command in the form of situational awareness texts, streaming video, and voice recorded or live communications, while orders and commands are sent down the chain of command as deemed appropriate by the command staff.

The “Order Text” is only one feature of the Smart-Coms System, which is fully functional without worry as the entire data-base and broadband communications system is based out of state and far away from the damages caused by the local earthquake. Moreover, because the system is a SaaS, and in the cloud, the system can be transferred from location to location. The private secure cloud based system has a dedicated back-up system in place at another location also out of state in case the location of the first set of databanks and systems is ever damaged, compromised, or threatened by disaster either manmade or natural. The Smart-Coms System also utilizes a hybrid of satellite and cell tower broadband communications, in order to ensure the best and most reliable service should the cell towers be destroyed or unable to broadcast and relay signals.

Each smart phone has replaced out dated cb radios, and are issued by the Police Department. However, each smartphone has the ability to function like a radio as well as a smart phone, just as the older generation Nextel (Blank phones) did. Plugged into the headphones driver of the rugged and water resistant smartphones is a cord splitting into three other wires, on the end of these three wires sits a CB styled coms mic to speak into (Such as the Officers are already used to.), an ear piece for receiving communications via audio (Such as the Officers are already used to.), as well as a mini live streaming camera which is attached to the Officers shoulder and feeds back into the cloud. This camera gives senior officers the ability to see what any officer sees. The camera also record, thus preventing liability in civil suits and as additional evidence in criminal matters. The addition of the light-weight mini cam helps give officers an advantage in describing events that occurred in police reports, and strengthens the officers testimony in criminal prosecutions as an admissible piece of relevant evidence with an exclusion to hearsay based on “present sense impression,” “recorded recollection,” “records of regularly conducted activity,” and may eventually become an accepted “self-authenticating records.”

Overview of submission and proposal

The hypothetical scenario and story above is only one way in which use and deployment of the purposed Smart-Com System can effectively recreate and vastly improve the telecommunication of Law Enforcement. The tactics and policies of the system are only limited by imagination and need, once the Smart-Com System Software and Telecommunications Defined network moves into the cloud. Furthermore, the application offerings of smart phones means that law enforcement can and will be able to further improve tactics and procedures via applications to those smart phones and the system. This in turn offers the people a safer and more cost efficient government. However, the above scenario is only one imagined forward thinking example of how government can efficiently and effectively handle its communications.

This paper lays out only a few suggested ways to gain more efficiency and utilization by purchasing and deploying a smartphone based telecommunications system, software defined network, managed and controlled in a private secure cloud, utilizing a SaaS system, which is off-site, and having its hardware and databanks out of the area, while running on a hybrid cell-tower and satellite deployed system configuration. However, for the purposes of this paper the argued for deployed system is hereinafter called the “Smart-Com System.” This paper is written to fulfill the requirements of the White House’s call for innovative solutions through contest offerings on www.challenge.gov.

Using data already in the public domain, and aided by newly emerging UHS bandwidth systems {(UHS hereinafter defined as: Ultra-High-Speed (UHS) networks (100Mbps symmetrical up to 1Gbps symmetrical)} software developers and hardware manufacturers are now able to develop apps and systems that can and will significantly ensure mission-critical voice communications in all environments. Furthermore, these technologies when consolidated and integrated into the Smart-Coms System will satisfy the Congress directed establishment of a nationwide, interoperable public safety broadband network in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012, as well as the FCC requirement that all networks deployed in the 700 MHz public safety broadband spectrum adopt LTE Environment. At the same time, the Smart-Coms System will satisfy the specifications and stated challenge of this contest (Hereinafter referred to as the capability.) by offering the capability defined as:

mission-critical voice communications services for law enforcement and other public safety responders within the LTE Environment using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technology, which are achievable within five years of the Challenge prize being awarded, and offer instant communications with a defined set of mobile users either in a 'one-to-all,' 'one-to-some' or 'one-to-one' mode based on the supervisory responsibility of the user and/or the urgency of their need (e.g., threats to life, mission criticality) for access, capable of offering mission-critical voice communications in all environments (e.g., urban, rural, wilderness) and in the face of communications infrastructure challenges, such as (1) where there is no terrestrial communications infrastructure; (2) where the existing infrastructure has been compromised or damaged; and (3) confined areas (e.g., subways, buildings, underground garages.

To satisfy the future needs of law enforcement, other first responders, as well as expanding the effectiveness and efficiency of all municipal government operations and communications, the Smart-Com System projects the use of UHS Broadband technologies in line with the FCC requirement that all networks deployed in the 700 MHz public safety broadband spectrum which are with-in LTE Environment. These broadband communications offer the ability to access and share large amounts of data, including video, in a timely fashion, while on the move. Furthermore, broadband communications can enhance the performance of routine data applications currently available to and used by law enforcement agencies, such as checking vehicle registration in a department of motor vehicle's database, or using a mobile fingerprint scanner to run an identity check against an AFIS database. It can also provide access to new capabilities such as mobile, bi-directional, streaming video, and enhanced mobile office applications.

However, where the Smart-Coms System really proves its value is in the marriage of secure private cloud SaaS out of area data management, satellite and cell tower hybrid transmission, to offer broadband communications. With this marriage of various COTS technologies the Smart-Com System offers the potential for greater efficiencies and new capabilities in day-to-day operations, response to critical incidents, and management of major events. This is most obvious, as for the first time commanders and senior civil leaders will have access to a Virtual Command Sweet, which satisfies the call of this challenge of offering instant communications with a defined set of mobile users either in a 'one-to-all,' 'one-to-some' or 'one-to-one' mode based on the supervisory responsibility of the user and/or the urgency of their need (e.g., threats to life, mission criticality) for access, capable of offering mission-critical voice communications in all environments (e.g., urban, rural, wilderness) and in the face of communications infrastructure challenges, such as (1) where there is no terrestrial communications infrastructure; (2) where the existing infrastructure has been compromised or damaged; and (3) confined areas (e.g., subways, buildings, underground garages.

The system will deploy Software-defined Networking (SDN). SDN is a new approach to designing, building and managing networks. The basic concept is that SDN separates the network’s control (brains) and forwarding (muscle) planes to make it easier to optimize each. In this environment, a Controller acts as the “brains,” providing an abstract, centralized view of the overall network. Through the Controller, network administrators can quickly and easily make and push out decisions on how the underlying systems (switches, routers) of the forwarding plane will handle the traffic. The most common protocol used in SDN networks to facilitate the communication between the Controller (called the Southbound API) and the switches is currently OpenFlow.

A SDN environment also uses open, application programmatic interfaces (APIs) to support all the services and applications running over the network. These APIs, commonly called Northbound APIs, facilitate innovation and enable efficient service orchestration and automation. As a result, SDN enables a network administrator to shape traffic and deploy services to address changing business needs, without having to touch each individual switch or router in the forwarding plane. With a centralized, programmable network that can automatically and dynamically address changing requirements, reduce CapEx by reducing the need to purchase purpose-built, ASIC-based networking hardware and supporting pay-as-you-grow models to eliminate wasteful overprovisioning. This is done by enabling algorithm control of the network, through network elements that are increasingly programmable, that makes it easier to design, deploy, manage and scale networks. The ability to automate provisioning and orchestration not only reduces overall management time, but also the chance for human error to optimize service availability and reliability. These systems will deliver agility and flexibility, thus helping organizations rapidly deploy new applications, services, and enable innovation.

These technologies then can and will offer instant communications with a defined set of mobile users either in a 'one-to-all,' 'one-to-some' or 'one-to-one' mode based on the supervisory responsibility of the user and/or the urgency of their need (e.g., threats to life, mission criticality) for access, capable of offering mission-critical voice communications in all environments (e.g., urban, rural, wilderness) and in the face of communications infrastructure challenges, such as (1) where there is no terrestrial communications infrastructure by utilizing satellite and cloud based systems. In the scenario created and the beginning of the paper the Chief and police need not worry about their telecommunications being damaged by the earthquake as their telecommunications is based out of the State of Colorado and relayed via orbital satellites. This reduces the possibility and probability of telecommunications failing any local law enforcement utilizing this system (2) where the existing infrastructure has been compromised or damaged by removing the telecommunications system completely out of the area and vicinity of the disaster and broadcasting from satellites in outer space.

Finally, while no mobile communications can promise reception 100% of the time, but getting reception in (3) confined areas (e.g., subways, buildings, underground garages.) is possible using a hybrid approach to cellular telecommunication of satellite, NFC (Near Field Communication), and Wi-Fi Telephony or other software based program. Utilizing software already available and dedicated channels and frequencies the optimum reception and communication can be achieved. By using a Software Defined Telecommunications platform, the cellphones automatically monitor and seek connectivity to available channels and networks. In this way the phones can switch from satellite, to tower based, to Wi-Fi___33, to NFC without any interruption or loss of service to the law enforcement officers. Furthermore, by having dedicated channels and frequencies the signal strengths can be managed and adjusted to stronger broadcasting standards thus solving the problems of any dropped service or lost messages.

Utilizing all of the aforementioned technology in combination with each other allowed the Chief of Police to: (A) View in real time what his on-duty officers are seeing, via the dedicated live streaming and recordable cameras, and assess the damages and situations through-out the City to give orders. (B) Locate through GPS the whereabouts of all his officers, so he can best deploy his Officers. (C) Receive and send voice and text communications over a secure, dedicated, software defined network, safe from the damages caused by the catastrophe due to it being located out of state. (D) Take advantage of changing technologies and control costs, as the City rents the data space and purchases software as a service making upgrades cost efficient.

All these capabilities being interwoven, combined, and deployed has made it possible for the trapped Police Chief able to command and coordinate his men in the field, make the best informed decisions possible, and communicate those command decisions down the chain of command successfully all immediately following a natural disaster which has caused major local damage. The Smart-Coms System is the future of telecommunications for law enforcement, and the capabilities are only now being realized. Best of all, per the rules for this contest all these technologies are COTS (commercial-off-the-shelf) technologies already available and cost efficient. For these reasons this paper does recommend and argue for adopting and deploying a, software defined smartphone based telecommunications system network, managed and controlled in a private secure cloud, utilizing a SaaS system, which is housed off-site having its hardware and databanks out of the area, while running on a hybrid cell-tower, Wi-Fi_33, NFC, and satellite communications broadcasting system configuration, which utilizes UHS Broadband technologies in line with the FCC requirement that all networks deployed in the 700 MHz public safety broadband spectrum are with-in LTE Environment, and offers access to new capabilities such as mobile, bi-directional, streaming video, and enhanced mobile office applications.

This is a mission-critical voice communications services system for law enforcement and other public safety responders, within the LTE Environment using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technology, which are achievable within five years of the Challenge prize being awarded, and offer instant communications with a defined set of mobile users either in a 'one-to-all,' 'one-to-some' or 'one-to-one' mode based on the supervisory responsibility of the user and/or the urgency of their need (e.g., threats to life, mission criticality) for access, capable of offering mission-critical voice communications in all environments (e.g., urban, rural, wilderness) and in the face of communications infrastructure challenges, such as (1) where there is no terrestrial communications infrastructure; (2) where the existing infrastructure has been compromised or damaged; and (3) confined areas (e.g., subways, buildings, underground garages.

To satisfy the future needs of law enforcement, other first responders, as well as expanding the effectiveness and efficiency of all municipal government operations and communications, the Smart-Com System projects the use of UHS Broadband technologies in line with the FCC requirement that all networks deployed in the 700 MHz public safety broadband spectrum which are with-in LTE Environment. These broadband communications offer the ability to access and share large amounts of data, including video, in a timely fashion, while on the move. Furthermore, broadband communications can enhance the performance of routine data applications currently available to and used by law enforcement agencies, such as checking vehicle registration in a department of motor vehicle's database, or using a mobile fingerprint scanner to run an identity check against an AFIS database. It can also provide access to new capabilities such as mobile, bi-directional, streaming video, and enhanced mobile office applications.

However, where the Smart-Coms System really proves its value is in the marriage of secure private cloud SaaS out of area data management, satellite and cell tower hybrid transmission, to offer broadband communications. With this marriage of various COTS technologies the Smart-Com System offers the potential for greater efficiencies and new capabilities in day-to-day operations, response to critical incidents, and management of major events. This is most obvious, as for the first time commanders and senior civil leaders will have access to a Virtual Command Sweet, which satisfies the call of this challenge of offering instant communications with a defined set of mobile users either in a 'one-to-all,' 'one-to-some' or 'one-to-one' mode based on the supervisory responsibility of the user and/or the urgency of their need (e.g., threats to life, mission criticality) for access, capable of offering mission-critical voice communications in all environments (e.g., urban, rural, wilderness) and in the face of communications infrastructure challenges, such as (1) where there is no terrestrial communications infrastructure; (2) where the existing infrastructure has been compromised or damaged; and (3) confined areas (e.g., subways, buildings, underground garages.

B. Mission-critical voice communications services for law enforcement and other public safety responders.

Using data already in the public domain, and aided by newly emerging UHS bandwidth systems, software developers are now able to develop apps that will significantly improve criminal justice and public safety operations in numerous ways, including:

•Alerting the criminal justice and public safety communities to predictable threats and disasters.

•Providing timely information necessary to mitigate the impact of unpreventable disasters and

avoid preventable disasters.

•Enhancing modeling and simulation capabilities for law enforcement and first-responders.

•Enhancing resource management and analytical tools.

•Improving training experiences and opportunities for first-responders law enforcement officers, and others who provide public safety services.

Hypothetical Two Efficient Policing:

A law enforcement officer is summoned to Abc Inc., at 123 XYZ Street, on suspicious activity out front by a neighbor. Upon arriving the Officer’s notice a group of five men are seen standing out in front of the building taking photos. Based on the officer’s experience and the holding in Terry v. Ohio the law enforcement officers initiate a “Stop and frisk,” and find the suspects to be clean as a whistle except for the camera which the officer knows is full of photos of the windows and other access points to the building. Not enough for more officer action and the five men invoke their rights. However, this is a new age, and as the officers stop and frisk the suspects their photos are taken with the new smart coms system which the officers have been issued.

Using the suspect application, the officers instantly are able to check the pictures they just took of the suspects against the department database, which is in turn is connected to a Federal data base as well as Interpol via satellite, and all processed inside the cloud. A hit! Using facial recognition software and there photo the officers just took the smart system alerts the officers to the fact that two of the men are on felony probation, and one of them for burglary. From the departments own data banks of known individuals, the law enforcement officers find out that the other three are known to run with a group of burglars. Since the officer has no evidence and the suspects are clean, the officer dismisses four, and takes one of the five as he had a “Keep away order” as an apart of his probation stating “not to associate with other felons.”

Upon returning to their car, one of the two officers quickly calls back up the smart system application which helped identify the suspects by facial recognition, and using his smart system phone quickly enters an “incident” report on to the system. The application allows the officer to add the following information underneath the saved recent photos just taken of the suspects:

“Suspicion of pre-burglary casing of and seen loitering in front of ABC Inc., at 123 Xyz Street, in company of known burglars and one felon who was taken into custody on a probation violation. 3:10 PM, 12/14/2014. Officers Grant and Smith.” The information immediately gets put into the secure data base of the local law enforcement, which is stored and managed in a private secured cloud off-site and out of the area. Officer Smith then switches to a booking application, and begins to enter the booking information for the felon they took into custody.

From the booking application Officer Grant is able to enter all the relevant and needed arrest information usually taken down at the police, as well as alerting instantly the County Sheriff’s that they have a prisoner incoming, alerting the suspects Probation Officer about the arrest, as well as informing his supervising officers and dispatch the status of his partner and himself of “suspect in custody and being transported to jail.” Officer Grant is able to enter all this information on a smart phone application and texting platform which he is already accustom to and uses in his own personal communications off duty, and allows him to have all the required arrest information and documentation done by the time the officers reach the jail. This integration is made possible by the Smart-Com System as purposed in this proposal.

Later that day Officers Jake and Henry are on patrol, driving down Xyz Street, when they notice some suspicious activity in front of the ABC Corporation. They stop the four suspects who are dressed this time all in black, wearing gloves, and carrying tools. The officers agree that it looks suspicious, but not enough for a conspiracy to commit burglary yet. However, upon taking the four suspects pictures and using the same facial recognition application as the officers which stopped the suspects earlier, Officers Jake and Henry are instantly given the evidence and documentation they need.

Upon using the smart application Officers Grants notes from prior that day are given to Officers Jake and Henry, as the smart application also calls up the notes of every stop entered into the system attached to the suspects picture. Now, the Officers can prove “prior scheme, intent, and substantial steps taken” to lawfully arrest the four suspects on at least conspiracy to commit commercial burglary. It’s a good thing to, because the ABC Corporation is a licensed distributor of assault rifles. The documentation of the earlier officers stop is entered into evidence under the “usual business records” evidence rule exception against hearsay, and with the evidence from all four officers a conviction is won by the District Attorney.

These examples are provided for guidance and are not exhaustive.

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In an effort to “jump start” UHS growth and app development nationwide, the White House OSTP has sponsored a demonstration partnership — the US IGNITE initiative. US IGNITE provides internet users with UHS internet access and links UHS communities[1] across the nation in an effort to increase development and use of sophisticated analytical tools, data sharing capabilities, and mobile apps.

Must answer, fewer than 10 pages, 12 font, times new roman:

Increased access to mobile broadband services is vital to law enforcement and other public safety responders. Broadband communications offers the potential for greater efficiency and new capabilities in day-to-day operations, response to critical incidents, and management of major events. Broadband communications offers the ability to access and share large amounts of data, including video, in a timely fashion, while on the move. Broadband communications can enhance the performance of routine data applications currently available to and used by law enforcement agencies, such as checking vehicle registration in a department of motor vehicle's database, or using a mobile fingerprint scanner to run an identity check against an AFIS database. It can also provide access to new capabilities such as mobile, bi-directional, streaming video, and enhanced mobile office applications.

Recognizing the potential offered by broadband communications to enhance public safety, Congress directed the establishment of a nationwide, interoperable public safety broadband network in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. The FCC required that all networks deployed in the 700 MHz public safety broadband spectrum adopt LTE. This Challenge seeks innovative solutions to providing mission-critical voice communications services for law enforcement and other public safety responders within the LTE Environment using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technology, which are achievable within five years of the Challenge prize being awarded. For purposes of this Challenge, this capability is defined as instant communications with a defined set of mobile users either in a 'one-to-all,' 'one-to-some' or 'one-to-one' mode based on the supervisory responsibility of the user and/or the urgency of their need (e.g., threats to life, mission critical) for access. The proposed solution should ensure mission-critical voice communications in all environments (e.g., urban, rural, wilderness) and in the face of communications infrastructure challenges, such as (1) where there is no terrestrial communications infrastructure; (2) where the existing infrastructure has been compromised or damaged; and (3) confined areas (e.g., subways, buildings, underground garages).

Importantly, the expansion of UHS networks provides startups and students with the same opportunity as industry and researchers involved in developing, testing, and deploying next-generation apps and services. This, in turn, increases the opportunity to leverage the combined resources and capabilities of industry, government, and academia in developing new, high-speed-compatible public safety apps.

Through this Challenge, NIJ seeks to encourage the development, use, and evaluation of UHS apps capable of improving criminal justice and public safety efficiency and/or effectiveness; and develop models for measuring and quantifying the specific impact of these apps. It is anticipated that this Challenge will help to accelerate the development and deployment of UHS applications in many other fields

Challenge Submissions

Proposals in Phase I shall include:

•A prospectus not exceeding 10 pages (12 pt. font; double spaced), submitted in PDF format.

•A cover page for the prospectus (not counted against the 10 page limit).

The prospectus must address the following: (1) a description of the proposed software application and its purpose; (2) how the application will be implemented in the field, including the geographic range and specifications of the UHS network on which it will operate; (3) the proposed data sets used in the software application, along with plans for obtaining access or collecting original data (public access, non-proprietary datasets are preferred for this Challenge); (4) the purpose of the proposed software application — demonstrating an understanding of existing needs and information deficits; (5) anticipated impact of the software application in terms of improved efficiency and/or effectiveness; (6) and, proposed methods for impact measurement.


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